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Awlsim - S7 compatible Soft-PLC

Awlsim is a free Step 7 compatible AWL/STL Soft-PLC written in Python.

The latest version of awlsim can be downloaded from the official awlsim site.

Awlsim - Soft-PLC

Awlsim is a free Step 7 compatible AWL/STL Soft-PLC written in Python. Depending on the host machine and the Python interpreter used, it achieves good performance of several thousand to millions of AWL/STL instructions per second. German and English S7 AWL/STL mnemonics are supported.

AWL/STL programs on PLCs are used for automation of industrial processes. However Awlsim is very flexible, so it can be used for other purposes beyond industrial applications, too. Awlsim aims to be compatible with the industry standard S7 software on the AWL/STL level.

Awlsim can emulate CPUs with two and four accumulator registers (S7-3xx and S7-4xx). Compatibility to S7 hardware is a task taken seriously by the awlsim project. We want to be as close as possible to the real PLC hardware with our AWL/STL code execution. For this reason awlsim ships an extensive selftest suite. Missing features and differences between awlsim and Step 7 are documented in the COMPATIBILITY documentation and TODO documentation files.

Quick start tutorial

See the quick start tutorial for a simple example on how to use Awlsim in simulator mode. Simulator mode does not require any special hardware to run.

Example project

If you don't know where to start, you can find an example project in the examples directory as EXAMPLE.awlpro. You can easily run this example in simulation mode without the need for special hardware.

Git repository

The latest development version of Awlsim can be fetched with git:

git clone https://git.bues.ch/git/awlsim.git
cd awlsim

After cloning the main repository the git submodules must also be fetched. The following helper script can be used:

./maintenance/update-submodules

Dependencies

Awlsim depends on Python 3.4 or later or alternatively Python 2.7.

PyQT 5 or alternatively PySide

These packages can be installed with pip:

pip3 install --upgrade PyQt5
pip3 install --upgrade pyside

On Windows all Awlsim dependencies can be installed by double clicking the shipped installer script: maintenance\win-install-dependencies.cmd

If building and using Awlsim with Cython acceleration is desired, Cython must also be installed:

pip3 install --upgrade Cython

Directory structure

The Awlsim Git repository and source archive awlsim-x.yz.tar.bz2 contain lots of files and directories. Here is an overview of the main files and directories and their purpose:

Main executables

User interface executables. The main user executable is awlsim-gui.

  awlsim-client             : Command line client tool.
  awlsim-gui                : Graphical user interface. This is the main user frontend.
  awlsim-linuxcnc-hal       : LinuxCNC HAL module executable.
  awlsim-proupgrade         : Command line tool to update .awlpro file formats.
  awlsim-server             : Command line server tool.
  awlsim-symtab             : Command line tool to parse symbol tables (.ASC).
  awlsim-test               : Command line tool for unit testing.
                              See tests/run.sh for execution of unit tests.
  awlsim-win.cmd            : Windows wrapper for awlsim-gui.

Documentation

These files and directories contain useful information about Awlsim.

  doc/                      : Main documentation.
  doc/fup/                  : Awlsim FUP language and editor documentation.
  examples/                 : Various example projects and feature demonstrations.
  COMPATIBILITY.md|html     : S7 compatibility documentation.
  COPYING.txt               : Main license.
  QUICK-START.md|html       : Quick start tutorial.
  README.md|html            : Main README document.
  TODO.md|html              : TODO list.

Main modules

The main modules implement most of Awlsim's functionality.

  awlsim/                   : Main Awlsim Python-module directory. This is where the magic happens.
  awlsim/awlcompiler        : AWL compiler.
  awlsim/awloptimizer       : AWL optimizer.
  awlsim/common             : Common libraries, modules and helper functions.
  awlsim/core               : AWL interpreter core. This is where the AWL program is executed.
  awlsim/core/instructions  : Implementation of AWL instructions.
  awlsim/core/systemblocks  : Implementation of SFCs and SFBs.
  awlsim/coreclient         : Client library to connect to coreserver.
  awlsim/coreserver         : Server library to provide AWL interpreter core access via networking.
  awlsim/fupcompiler        : FUP compiler.
  awlsim/gui                : Graphical user interface implementation (Qt).
  awlsim/library            : AWL block (FC and FB) libraries.
  awlsim/library/iec        : Implementation of IEC FCs and FBs.
  awlsim_loader/            : Import wrapper for the main Awlsim Python-module.
                              This is used to automatically load Cython optimized modules.
  libs/                     : External libraries used for running or testing Awlsim.
  progs/                    : External programs used in Awlsim.
  submodules/               : Git submodules used for running Awlsim.
                              See  man git-submodule  for general help about Git submodules.
  submodules/pyprofibus/    : PROFIBUS-DP implementation.
  tests/                    : Unit test cases.
  tests/run.sh              : Main interface to run unit tests. Please see --help

Hardware support modules

The hardware modules are the glue between the Awlsim core and the real world. The hardware modules are invoked before and after running the user cycle (OB 1).

  awlsimhw_debug/           : Hardware module for unit tests. Do not use in production.
  awlsimhw_dummy/           : Dummy no-operation hardware module for testing, debugging or simulation.
  awlsimhw_linuxcnc/        : LinuxCNC hardware support module.
  awlsimhw_pixtend/         : PiXtend hardware support module.
  awlsimhw_pyprofibus/      : PROFIBUS-DP hardware support module.
  awlsimhw_pyprofibus.conf  : Configuration file for awlsimhw_pyprofibus.
  awlsimhw_rpigpio/         : Raspberry Pi GPIO hardware support module.

Misc

  awlsim-server.service.in  : Systemd unit template for awlsim-server.
  debian/                   : Debian packaging support.
  maintenance/              : Maintainer scripts.
  misc/                     : Miscellaneous scripts and files.
  pilc/                     : PiLC distribution build scripts.
  setup.py                  : Python package build script. This also builds the Cython modules.

FUP - Funktionsplan - Function block diagram

Awlsim supports programming in an S7-FUP like language. See the FUP documentation for more information about Awlsim's implementation of FUP.

Unit tests

The unit test suite can be run with the invocation of the command ./tests/run.sh. This will run all unit tests and show the results. Please see ./tests/run.sh --help for more options.

License / Copyright

Copyright (C) Michael B├╝sch / et al.

Awlsim is Open Source Free Software licensed under the GNU General Public License v2+. That means it's available in full source code and you are encouraged to improve it and contribute your changes back to the community. Awlsim is free of charge, too.

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